Newton Abbot, Devon

Oliver Heaviside (1850-1925) lived at "Bradley View", Newton Abbot, in 1897-1908. See under London for his work and early life and also Paignton, below. Fitzgerald visited him here in 1898. In 1899, Fitzgerald asked him about electromagnetic wave propagation around a sphere, which Marconi's experiments showed to occur. In 1901, Heaviside and A. E. Kennelley noted that the sea was a conducting layer, as was the earth to a lesser extent, so that if there was a conducting layer in the atmosphere, then electromagnetic waves would be guided between them to circle the earth. Heaviside made these observations in his article on 'Telegraphy, Theory' in the 1902 supplement to the Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Heaviside Layer (or Ionosphere) was found to exist and explained why Marconi's wireless telegraphy works. His Electromagnetic Theory appeared in three volumes in 1893, 1899 & 1912. He declined the Hughes Medal of the RS in 1904. PhD honoris causa from Göttingen in 1905. Hon. Mem. IEE in 1908. Moved to Torquay in 1908. [Whittaker (3)]

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