Orrery, Co. Cork

The planetary model called an orrery was named for Charles Boyle, 4th Earl of Orrery, c1713. Orrery is the name of a barony in the north of County Cork, also known as the Barony of Orrery and Killmore. There is no town or village of either name - they may be the names of castles or some geographic features - it is the area north of Mallow to the Limerick border and includes the towns of Rath Luirc (= Charleville) and Buttevant. Indeed Charleville was founded by Roger Boyle, the first Earl of Orrery, in c1659 and he built a mansion there, but it was burnt down by the Duke of Berwick in 1690. (My thanks to Roy Foster and Maria Woods for the location of Orrery.) The 1st Earl was the grandfather of the 4th Earl and was a notable figure in Irish affairs.

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An extract from The Mathematical Gazetteer of the British Isles created by David Singmaster

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