The year 1902 was one in which the centenary of Abel's death was celebrated. A decision was again taken to establish an international Abel Prize but again the plan did not come to fruition. With the bicentenary of Abel's birth approaching, Arild Stubhaug, who had written a major new biography of Abel, made another attempt to set up an Abel Prize.
A committee was set up which gathered support both within Norway and also international support. They put their proposals before the Norwegian government in May 2001 and in a speech on the campus of the University of Oslo in August 2001, the Norwegian Prime Minister announced that the Government would establish an Abel Fund.
The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters announces the winners of the Abel prize, the first being awarded in 2003. Below we list the winners and the citation for their prizes:
2003 Jean-Pierre Serre, Collège de France, Paris:-
... for playing a key role in shaping the modern form of many parts of mathematics, including topology, algebraic geometry and number theory.2004 Sir Michael Francis Atiyah, University of Edinburgh and Isadore M Singer, Massachusetts Institute of Technology:-
... for their discovery and proof of the index theorem, bringing together topology, geometry and analysis, and their outstanding role in building new bridges between mathematics and theoretical physics.2005 Peter D Lax, Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University:-
... for his groundbreaking contributions to the theory and application of partial differential equations and to the computation of their solutions.2006 Lennart Carleson, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden:-
... for his profound and seminal contributions to harmonic analysis and the theory of smooth dynamical systems.2007 Srinivasa S R Varadhan, Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University:-
... for his fundamental contributions to probability theory and in particular for creating a unified theory of large deviations.2008 John Thompson, University of Florida and Jacques Tits, Collège de France, Paris:-
... for their outstanding achievements in algebra and especially for their shaping of modern group theory.2009 Mikhail Leonidovich Gromov, Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques, Bures-sur-Yvette, France
... for his revolutionary contributions to geometry.2010 John Tate, University of Texas at Austin
... for his vast and lasting impact on the theory of numbers.2011 John Milnor
... for pioneering discoveries in topology, geometry and algebra.2012 Endre Szemerédi, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest and Rutgers University
for his fundamental contributions to discrete mathematics and theoretical computer science, and in recognition of the profound and lasting impact of these contributions on additive number theory and ergodic theory2013 Pierre Deligne, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton
for seminal contributions to algebraic geometry and for their transformative impact on number theory, representation theory, and related fields2014 Yakov G Sinai, Princeton University and the Russian Academy of Sciences
... for his fundamental contributions to dynamical systems, ergodic theory, and mathematical physics.2015 John Forbes Nash and Louis Nirenberg
... for striking and seminal contributions to the theory of nonlinear partial differential equations and its applications to geometric analysis.2016 Andrew J Wiles
... for his stunning proof of Fermat s Last Theorem by way of the modularity conjecture for semistable elliptic curves, opening a new era in number theory.
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