David Hilbert

lived from 1862 to 1943

Hilbert's work in geometry had the greatest influence in that area after Euclid. A systematic study of the axioms of Euclidean geometry led Hilbert to propose 21 such axioms and he analysed their significance. He made contributions in many areas of mathematics and physics.

Find out more at:
http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Mathematicians/Hilbert.html