References for Axel Harnack

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  1. J Ferreiros, Labyrinth of Thought: A History of Set Theory and Its Role in Modern Mathematics (Birkhäuser, Basel, 2013).
  2. A Harnack, An introduction to the study of the elements of the differential and integral calculus (William and Norgate, London and Edinburgh, 1891).
  3. T Hawkins, Lebesgue's Theory of Integration: Its Origins and Development (American Mathematical Society, Providence R.I., 2001).
  4. A von Zahn-Harnack, Adolf von Harnack (Walter de Gruyter, 1950).


  1. M Cantor, Axel Harnack, Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie 50 (1905), 6-8.
  2. R Cooke, Uniqueness of trigonometric series and descriptive set theory, 1870-1985, Arch. Hist. Exact Sci. 45 (4) (1993), 281-334.
  3. Yu M Gaiduk, Axel Harnack (1851-1888), in From the History of Science and Technology of the Pribaltic 1 (VII) (Zinatne, Riga, 1968), 125-132.
  4. M Kassmann, Harnack Inequalities. An introduction, Boundary Value Problems 2007, Art. ID 81415.
  5. I Laine and O Martio, Sketch of the development of potential theory (Finnish), Arkhimedes 34 (3) (1982), 147-158.
  6. G Letta, Riemann integrability conditions and their influence on the origin of the concept of measure (Italian), Rend. Accad. Naz. Sci. XL Mem. Mat. (5) 18 (1994), 143-169.
  7. M Noether, Carl Gustav Axel Harnack, Zeitschrift für Mathematik und Physik 33 (1888), 121-124.
  8. A Voss, Zur Erinnerung an Axel Harnack, Mathematische Annalen 32 (1888), 161-174.

JOC/EFR May 2017

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